Employment Law Newsletters
(The United States Department of Labor-Women's Bureau)
In 1963, Congress passed the Equal Pay Act in an effort to equalize the largely disparate pay received by men and women who were performing the same job. The Act was an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. Under the Act, Congress specifies that employers may not discriminate on the basis of sex by paying women less than men, and vice versa, when they are performing "equal work." The Act predates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Although the functions of the two Acts overlap, the Equal Pay Act remains in full force.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is tasked with enforcing federal workplace antidiscrimination laws. These laws include: